Interesting fruity facts about the apple

Posted November 19th, 2018 by Fruidel Team

1. Eating apples can aid in brightening teeth
While not a substitute for toothpaste, the acid in apples actually helps clean and brighten teeth. The crunchy inside also acts like a mini toothbrush that can scrub away stains.

2. Apples are second favourite fruit
We consume over 19 pounds of whole apples per year, and over 50 pounds of a combination of fresh apples and apple products (applesauce, juice, and more). It’s a close second to the banana — we eat an average of 28 pounds of them a year.

3. In Latin, the same word is used for both “apple” and “evil”
Mālum (an apple) and mălum (an evil) are both commonly written as “malum.” Although there was no direct mention of it in the Book of Genesis, this is why many believe that the forbidden fruit is an apple.

4. Apple Varieties
There are thousands of different varieties of apples including Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Pink Lady and Granny Smith.

5. The apples you’re buying could be one year old
But don’t worry, this is totally safe. Farmers use sophisticated technology called “controlled atmosphere storage,” which allows them to control the temperature and atmosphere where apples are stored, meaning they are delivered to you fresh and crisp.

6. Apples are 25% air
Which is why they float in water.

7. There are over 7,500 varieties of apples grown worldwide
More than 2,500 varieties are grown in the U.S. alone. But China cultivates the most apples in the world.

8. Apples don’t grow true from a pip – each apple pip grows up into a unique tree
The only way to get exactly the same apple is to graft a piece of apple wood onto a piece of rootstock. The ancient Egyptians knew how to do this, as did the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The Celts were also aware of how to cultivate apples, so sweet apples existed in Britain before the Romans arrived.

9. The most-grown apple is Red Delicious
Followed by Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, and Fuji.

10. The heaviest apple ever recorded weighed four pounds
It was picked in Japan in October 2005. The largest bowl of applesauce weighed 716 pounds and was made in Maryland in 2013.

Nutritional benefits of apples

Apples are extremely rich in antioxidants that help to protect our cells from free radical damage caused by factors such as pollution, cigarette smoke, UV rays and even inflammation within the body, often as a result of a poor diet or some medications.

Apples also contain dietary fibre needed to support a healthy digestive system, as well as vitamins A and C that support the immune system, vitamin K needed for blood clotting, biotin (vitamin B7) that helps to break down fat, and iodine which is involved in healthy thyroid function.

 

Can apples help protect against diabetes?

Apples are low on the glycaemic index thanks to their fibre content. This, together with their high flavonoid content, may help to improve insulin sensitivity, which is important both for weight management and preventing diabetes.

Can apples prevent obesity?

Animal studies have shown that pectin extracted from apples may help to regulate the gut microbiome (gut bacteria), which in turn may help to prevent obesity and other inflammatory disorders. However, more research is required before the same claim can be demonstrated in human populations.

Can apples help protect against heart disease?

Apples contain protective compounds such as quercetin, an antioxidant. Research by the American Journal for Clinical Nutrition found that those with higher quercetin levels (mainly through eating apples) had a lower risk of several chronic diseases including heart disease.

How do different varieties compare nutritionally?

All apples have nutritional benefits and can be consumed as part of a heathy, balanced diet. However, there is some evidence to suggest that Granny Smith apples may be at the top of the list!

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